The historic Old Bailey is the central criminal court for England and Wales named from the street on which it stands. The Old Bailey court building in central London is one of a number of buildings housing the Crown Court. This court still hears the most serious criminal cases for Greater London and exceptional cases for the rest of England.
Part of today’s building stands on the site of the medieval Newgate Gaol, on Old Bailey, a road which follows the line of the City of London’s fortified wall (or bailey), which runs from Ludgate Hill to the junction of Newgate Street and the Holborn Viaduct.
The Old Bailey online has a free of charge, for non-commercial use, a fully searchable database with details of some 197,745 criminal cases from 1674–1913.
This online project is a collaborative effort between the Universities of Hertfordshire and Sheffield and the Open University. It was funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council and the Big Lottery Fund.
Click on Oldbaileyonline.org to visit the site. You’ll find the Getting Started and Guide to Searching videos very helpful.
Click on Newgate Gaol to learn about the historical prison on Wikipedia.
Click on bailey also on Wikipedia to what it means.