Stonehenge is one of the world’s most enduring mysteries, one that every passing generation wants to solve and yet no one has been able to proffer any substantive conclusion. We still don’t know why ancient people, probably the Druids who were Celtic priests, built the enigmatic megaliths.

Stonehenge is located in Wiltshire, England, and I, like many others, visited it to view it myself and wonder how those ancient people were able to built it and in such a precise manner and for what purpose. The striking photo at the top left is impressive but does not clearly illustrate the grand scale of Stonehenge. Those sandstone boulders are huge and that’s just the portion above ground.

It was thought that smaller bluestones (they turn a bluish hue when wet or freshly cut), imported from Wales, were placed before the massive sandstone horseshoe.  This was no small feat, “The sandstone boulders, or sarsens, can weigh up to 40 tons (36,287 kilograms), while the much smaller blue stones weigh a mere 4 tons (3,628 kg).”

An article published in Live Science speaks of the conclusion detailed in the December issue of the journal Antiquity, challenges earlier timeline that the smaller stones were raised first.  “The sequence proposed for the site is really the wrong way around,” said study co-author Timothy Darvill, an archaeologist at Bournemouth University in England. “The original idea that it starts small and gets bigger is wrong. It starts big and stays big. The new scheme puts the big stones at the center at the site as the first stage.”

The new analysis implies that around 2600 B.C. the ancient people built the giant sandstone horseshoe first, using stone from local quarries, followed by the much smaller bluestones, likely imported from Wales. The bluestones were then rearranged at various positions throughout the site over the next millennium.

There’s so much more to the fascinating article. To read it click on Live Science.

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