Built at the Continental Iron Works in the Greenpoint section of Brooklyn, New York, the USS Monitor (called the cheese box on a raft) was the first ironclad warship to be commissioned by the United Sates navy during the American Civil War. Her participation in the Battle of Hampton Roads on March 9, 1862, was her most famous, where she fought with the casemate ironclad CSS Virginia of the Confederate State Navy.
Monitor also took part in the Battle of Drewry’s Bluff later that month and remained in the area until she was ordered to join the blockaders off North Carolina in December. The Monitor foundered while being towed during a storm off Cape Hatteras on December 31, 1962.
The following is a news release from Washington NNS with news of a March 8 ceremony at Arlington National Cemetery to inter the remains of two heroes recovered and honor others who perished on the USS Monitor when it sank:
“WASHINGTON (NNS) — Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus announced Feb. 12 that remains recovered from the USS Monitor will be interred in Arlington National Cemetery.
A ceremony will be held March 8 to honor the two unknown Sailors.
The specific date of the interment was chosen to honor Monitor’s role in the Battle of Hampton Roads 151 years ago.
“These may very well be the last Navy personnel from the Civil War to be buried at Arlington,” said Mabus. “It’s important we honor these brave men and all they represent as we reflect upon the significant role Monitor and her crew had in setting the course for our modern Navy.”
The Brooklyn-built Monitor, the nation’s first ironclad warship, made nautical history after being designed and assembled in 118 days. Commissioned Feb. 25, 1862, the Monitor fought in the first battle between two ironclads when it engaged CSS Virginia in the Battle of Hampton Roads March 9, 1862. The battle marked the first time iron-armored ships clashed in naval warfare and signaled the end of the era of wooden ships.
Though the Monitor’s confrontation with the Virginia ended in a draw, the Monitor prevented the Virginia from gaining control of Hampton Roads and thus preserved the Federal blockade of the Norfolk-area.
Months later, 16 Sailors were lost when the Monitor sank Dec. 31, 1862 in a storm off Cape Hatteras, N.C. Her wreck was discovered in 1974 was designated the nation’s first national marine sanctuary, managed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
Starting in 1998, the Navy, NOAA and the Mariner’s Museum in Newport News, Va., began working together to recover artifacts from Monitor.
During the summer of 2002, while attempting to recover the ship’s 150-ton gun turret, Navy divers discovered human remains inside the turret. The remains were transported to Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command (JPAC) in Hawaii for possible identification.
JPAC, with the assistance of the Navy Casualty Office and NOAA, conducted a comprehensive effort to identify the remains of the unknown Sailors, to include time-demanding and detailed genealogical research. Given the age of the remains, efforts to identify them were unsuccessful. However, JPAC was able to narrow down possible descendents of the unknown Sailors to 30 family members from 10 different families.
“The decision to lay these heroes to rest in Arlington, honors not only these two men but all those who died the night Monitor sank and reminds us, that the sacrifices made a hundred and fifty years ago, will never be forgotten by this nation”, said David Alberg, Superintendent of NOAA’s Monitor National Marine Sanctuary.“