On October 18, 1867, the U.S. took possession of Alaska after purchasing the territory from Russia for $7.2 million. This works out to less than two cents per acre.
The Alaska purchase comprised 586,412 square miles and in case you didn’t know it’s about twice the size of Texas. The deal was led by William Henry Seward, secretary of state under President Andrew Johnson.
Russia wanted to sell its difficult to defend Alaska territory, which was remote and sparsely populated, to the U.S. rather than risk losing it in battle with a rival such as Great Britain.
Negotiations between Seward (1801-1872) and the Russian minister to the U.S., Eduard de Stoeckl, began in March 1867. The American public, however, believed the land to be barren and worthless and dubbed the purchase “Seward’s Folly” and “Andrew Johnson’s Polar Bear Garden,” and many other derogatory names.
Some animosity toward the project may have been a byproduct of President Johnson’s own unpopularity. As the 17th U.S. president, Johnson battled with Radical Republicans in Congress over Reconstruction policies following the Civil War.
Andrew Johnson qas impeached in 1868 and later acquitted by a single vote. In spite of this, Congress eventually ratified the Alaska deal. Public opinion of the purchase became more favorable when gold was discovered in a tributary of Alaska’s Klondike River in 1896, sparking a gold rush.
Alaska became the 49th state on January 3, 1959, and is now recognized for its vast natural resources. We should remember today that 25 percent of America’s oil and over 50 percent of its seafood come from Alaska. It’s not only the largest state in area, it’s about one-fifth the size of the lower 48 states combined, and still remains sparsely populated.
The name Alaska is derived from the Aleut word alyeska, which means “great land.” Alaska has two official state holidays to commemorate its origins. Seward’s Day, is observed the last Monday in March to celebrate the March 30, 1867 signing of the land treaty between the U.S. and Russia, and Alaska Day, observed every October 18, marks the anniversary of the formal land transfer.